Turns out The Spriter’s Resource had rips:

All the Image characters became silhouettes (or got gradient-shadows). I dunno if those pixels around that white box were a result of shoddy editing or not.

I didn’t notice it on my small TV, but the parts of Robolactus behind the logo and near the FF of the Galaxy didn’t get blurred.

(Guest Submission)
Well there you have it then. Many thanks to the other two who submitted covers, gamebuddy123 and neonzephyr. RADIX just had the clearest ones. And thanks to whoever ripped these at Spriter’s Resource too.